Progesterone for Women Booklet

Progesterone for women booklet

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Female Progesterone Deficiency Self Assessment

This test will help with the diagnosis and management of progesterone deficiency in women. It will assess your symptoms and provide you with a series of action steps to assist you in managing these.

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What is Progesterone and why do Women Need it?

Progesterone is one of the three main hormones naturally produced by women in the ovaries. The other two are estrogen and testosterone.

Progesterone is essential for:

  • Reproduction
  • Regulating menstruation
  • Balancing out the stimulating effects of estrogen

What is Estrogen?

Estrogen (also spelt oestrogen) is the main sex hormone in women. Like progesterone, it is essential for reproduction and menstruation but it is also the hormone responsible for the development of female characteristics such as breasts, wide pelvis, increased body fat, thickening of the uterus for menstruation and pregnancy.

Estrogen is a stimulating hormone and progesterone works to temper (or balance) its effect.

When these two hormones are out of balance they can result in conditions such as:

  • Mood changes
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Weight gain
  • Irregular periods
  • Headaches
  • Migraine
  • Infertility
  • Miscarriage
  • PMS
  • Post natal depression
  • Endometriosis
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

What Causes Change in Progesterone and Estrogen Production?

The most common times when female progesterone hormones fluctuate are the time before menopause (peri-menopause) and during menopause itself.

Menopause refers to the time when women stop ovulating. Progesterone production ceases, estrogen levels declines and therefore menstruation stops. This is most commonly between the ages of 45 and 55. During the lead up to menopause (known as peri-menopause) ovulatory changes occur and the body begins to experience the effects of hormone imbalance. This is due to declining levels of progesterone. Without progesterone, there is nothing to control the effects of estrogen.

(For more detailed information about peri-menopause signs and symptoms, check out our booklets page to download the Understanding Perimenopause booklet.)

(For more detailed information about ovulation and anovulation, check out our booklets page to download the Understanding Ovulation and Anovulation booklet.)

The next page will give you more information about the symptoms of progesterone deficiency and estrogen dominance.

Next page: Symptoms and Causes

See more answer videos about progesterone

ProFeme® 10

ProFeme 10 progesterone cream packaging

For women

ProFeme® 10% Progesterone Cream is specifically designed for use in women with declined or lowered progesterone levels.

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